Department of Environmental Engineering,
Democritus University of Thrace,
GR 671 00 Xanthi, Greece


Dr Stamatis Zoras is Associate Professor of Energy Design and Efficiency of Buildings and Settlements


  1. Fellow of the Higher Education Academy FHEA, in recognition of attainment against the UK Professional Standards Framework for teaching and learning support in higher education, 2018
  2. Doctor of Philosophy PhD, Dept of Mechanical Engineering, Brunel University, 2001. Thesis title: A Novel Based Tool for the Prediction of Building EarthContact Heat Transfer – Awarded a PhD scholarship from Brunel University 1998-2001
  3. Master’s degree – Environmental Sciences, Athens University, 1996-1998
  4. BSc Physics, Ioannina University, 1991-1996

Scientific Expertise:  

  • Energy design simulation of buildings and settlements (TAS, AMBIENS, ECOTECT, ANSYS-CFX, FLUENT, Design Builder).
  • Bioclimatic Design and simulation.
  • Passive design and energy harvesting.
  • Arithmetic heat transfer algorithms in buildings.
  • Environmental analysis of urban systems.
  • Atmospheric pollution dispersion simulation.
  • Dissemination of environmental epidemic indices to the public.
  • Renewable technologies and applications in buildings.
  • Energy transition.

Teaching subjects:
1. Building Physics and Indoor Climate.
2. Building Energy Efficiency and Design.
3. Atmospheric Pollutant Dispersion Simulation .
4. Bioclimatic Design and Simulation.


Journal publications

  1. Cui, Y.Tian, S.Zoras, S.Zhu, J. (2024) Recent advances in various nanomaterials utilized in geothermal heat exchangers. Nano Energy, 122, 109309.
  2. Cui, Y., Tian, S., Zhu, J., Zoras, S., & Shao, Y. (2023). Energy and Stochastic Economic Assessments of Photovoltaic Systems in the East idlands. Energies, 16(18), 6723.
  3. Vasileiadou, A., Zoras, S., & Dimoudi, A. (2023). A comprehensive experimental study of municipal solid waste (MSW) as solid biofuel and as composite solid fuel in blends with lignite: quality characteristics, environmental impact, modeling, and energy cover. Energy, Ecology and Environment, 8(3), 211-240.
  4. Vasileiadou, A., Zoras, S., Iordanidis, Bioenergy production from olive oil mill solid wastes and their blends with lignite: thermal characterization, kinetics, thermodynamic analysis, and several scenarios for sustainable practicesBiomass Conversion and Biorefinery2023, 13(6), pp. 5325–5338.
  5. Hamza, O., Abogdera, A., & Zoras, S. (2023, August). Emissions-based options appraisal for modular building foundations: a case study. In Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Engineering Sustainability (Vol. 40, No. XXXX, pp. 1-12). Emerald Publishing Limited.
  6. Stefanopoulos, K., Lianos, N., Polychronopoulos, D., & Zoras, S. (2023). The influence of the age of granite paving blocks in outdoor public spaces on the ambient temperature during the warm months affecting their users. Green Energy and Sustainability, 3(1), 0-0.
  7. Kalogeropoulos, G., Dimoudi, A., Toumboulidis, P., & Zoras, S. (2022). Urban Heat Island and Thermal Comfort Assessment in a Medium-Sized Mediterranean City. Atmosphere, 13(7), 1102.
  8. Evagelopoulos, V., Begou, P., & Zoras, S. (2022). In-depth study of PM2. 5 and PM10 concentrations over a 12-year period and their elemental composition in the Lignite Center of Western Macedonia, Greece. Atmosphere, 13(11), 1900.
  9. Evagelopoulos, V., Charisiou, N. D., & Zoras, S. (2022). Dataset of Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and trace elements in PM2. 5 and PM10 atmospheric particles from two locations in North-Western Greece. Data in Brief, 108266.
  10. Evagelopoulos, V., Charisiou, N. D., & Zoras, S. (2022). Dataset of inhalable particulate matter concentrations in the region of West Macedonia, Greece for an 11-year period. Data in Brief, 41.
  11. Cui, Y, Zhu, J., Zoras, S., Hassan, K. and Tong, H. 2022. Photovoltaic/Thermal Module Integrated with Nano-Enhanced Phase Change Material: A Numerical Analysis. Energies. 15 (14), p. 4988. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15144988
  12. Moumtzakis, A., Zoras, S., Evagelopoulos, V., & Dimoudi, A. (2022). Experimental Investigation of Thermal Bridges and Heat Transfer through Window Frame Elements at Achieving Energy Saving. Energies, 15(14), 5055.
  13. Vasileiadou, A., Papadopoulou, L., Zoras, S., & Iordanidis, A. (2022). Development of a total Ash Quality Index and an Ash Quality Label: Comparative analysis of slagging/fouling potential of solid biofuels. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29(28), 42647-42663.
  14. Soleimani, Z.Zoras, S.Ceranic, B.Cui, Y.Shahzad, S. A comprehensive review on the output voltage/power of wearable thermoelectric generators concerning their geometry and thermoelectric materials. Nano Energy, 2021, 89, 106325
  15. 54. Cui, Y.Zhu, J.Zoras, S.Liu, L. Review of the recent advances in dew point evaporative cooling technology: 3E (energy, economic and environmental) assessments, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2021, 148, 111345
  16. Soleimani, Z., Zoras, S., Ceranic, B., Shahzad. The cradle to gate life-cycle assessment of thermoelectric materials: a comparison of inorganic, organic and hybrid types. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 44, 101073 (2021)
  17. Cui, Y., Zhu, J., Zoras, S., Zhang, J.. Comprehensive review of the recent advances in PV/T system with loop-pipe configuration and nanofluid. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 135, 110254 (2021).
  18. Vasileiadou, A., Zoras, S., Iordanidis, A. Biofuel potential of compost-like output from municipal solid waste: Multiple analyses of its seasonal variation and blends with lignite. Energy, 2021, 236, 121457.
  19. Vasileiadou, A., Zoras, S., Iordanidis, A. Fuel Quality Index and Fuel Quality Label: Two versatile tools for the objective evaluation of biomass/wastes with application in sustainable energy practices. Environmental Technology and Innovation, 2021, 23, 101739.
  20. Cui, Y., Zhu, J., Zoras, S.,Qiao, Y., Zhang, X. Energy performance and life cycle cost assessments of a photovoltaic/thermal assisted heat pump system. Energy, 206, 118108 (2020)
  21. Cui, Y., Zhu, J., Meng, F., Zoras, S., McKechnie, J., Chu, J. Energy assessment and economic sensitivity analysis of a grid-connected photovoltaic system. Renewable Energy, 150, 101-115 (2020)
  22. Soleimani, Z., Zoras, S., Ceranic, B., Shahzad, S., Cui, Y. A review on recent developments of thermoelectric materials for room-temperature applications. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 37, Article 100604 (2020)
  23. Toumpoulidis, P., Dimoudi, A., Kosmopoulos, P., Zoras, S. The contribution of a solar air heater collector to the cooling load in a building.
    International Journal of Ventilation, In Press (2020)
  24. Z. Soleimani, S. Zoras, Y. Cui, B. Ceranic, S. Shahza. Design of heat sinks for wearable thermoelectric generators to power personal heating garments: A numerical study. IOP Conf Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2020, 410(1), 012096
  25. A. Agbonyin, S. Zoras Techno-economic inquiry into implementation barriers in Green Roof adoption as an energy retrofit measure in temperate climates: UK Study. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2020, 410(1), 012014
  26. Vasileiadou A., S. Zoras, A. Dimoudi, A. Iordanidis, V. Evagelopoulos. Compost of Biodegradable Municipal Solid Waste as a Fuel in Lignite Co-combustion. Environmental Research Engineering and Management, 76(4), 60-67 (2020)
  27. Cui, Y., Zhu, J., Zoras, S., Chen, X., Bi, H., Qiao, Y., Soleimani, Z. State-of-the-art review of 3DPV technology: Structures and models. Energy Conversion and Management 200 (15), Article number 112130 (2019)
  28. Y Cui, J Zhu, S Twaha, J Chu, H Bai, K Huang, X Chen, S Zoras, Z Soleimani. Techno-economic assessment of the horizontal geothermal heat pump systems: A comprehensive review. Energy Conversion and Management, 191, 208-236 (2019).
  29. Z. Soleimani, S. Zoras, B. Ceranic, S. Shahzad and Y. Cui, Optimization of a wearable thermoelectric generator encapsulated in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS): A numerical modelling. 2019 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Power Engineering REPE 2019.
  30. Karakounos, I., Dimoudi, Zoras, S. The influence of bioclimatic urban redevelopment on outdoor thermal comfort. Energy and Buildings, 158, 1266-1274 (2018).
  31. S. Zoras*, Veranoudis, S., Dimoudi, A. Micro- climate adaptation of whole building energy simulation in large complexes. Energy and Buildings, 150, 81-89 (2017).
  32. Mytafides, C.K., Dimoudi, A., Zoras, S. Transformation of a university building into a zero energy building in Mediterranean climate. Energy and Buildings, 155, 98-114 (2017).
  33. Tsakmakis, I, Kokkos, N. Pisinaras, V., Papaevangelou, V., Hatzigiannakis, E. Arampatzis, G, Gikas, G.D,.Linker, R,.Zoras, S,. Evagelopoulos, V,.Tsihrintzis, V.A, Battilani, A., Sylaios, G. Operational Precise Irrigation for Cotton Cultivation through the Coupling of Meteorological and Crop Growth Models, Water Resources Management, 31(1), 2017, 563-580
  34. Karakounos I., Dimoudi A., Zoras S., (2017). ‘The influence of bioclimatic urban redevelopment on outdoor thermal comfort. Proc of 33rd PLEA International Conf: Design to Thrive, PLEA 2017, 2017, 2, pp. 1757–1764
  35. S. Zoras*, A. Dimoudi, V. Evagelopoulos, S. Lyssoudis, S. Dimoudi, A.M. Tamiolaki, V. Stathis, A.L. Polyzakis, E. Deligiorgi. Bioclimatic Rehabilitation of an Open Market Place by a Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation Assessment, Future Cities and Environment, 1-17, 1:6 (2015), 1st Journal Publication Volume, Springer Open Access.
  36. A. Kantzioura, P. Kosmopoulos, A. Dimoudi, Zoras, S. Experimental investigation of microclimatic conditions in relation to the built environment in a central urban area in Thessaloniki (Northern Greece): a case study Sustainable Cities and Society, 19, 331-340, (2015).
  37. Zoras*, Urban Environment Thermal Improvement by the Bioclimatic Simulation of a Populated Open Urban Space in Greece, International Journal of Ambient Energy, 36 (4), 4 July 2015, 156-169
  38. Zoras, S.*,Tsermentselis, A.Kosmopoulos, P.Dimoudi, A. Evaluation of the application of cool materials in urban spaces: A case study in the center of Florina, Sustainable Cities and Society, 13, 223-229 (2014).
  39. Georgakis, S. Zoras, M. Santamouris, Studying the effect of ‘cool’ coatings in street urban canyons and its potential as a heat island mitigation technique, Sustainable Cities and Society, 13, 20-31 (2014).
  40. Dimoudi, S. Zoras*, A. Kantzioura, X. Stogiannou, P. Kosmopoulos, C. Pallas, Use of cool materilas in outdoor places in order to mitigate the urban heat island in a medium size city in Greece, Sustainable Cities and Society, 13, 89-96 (2014).
  41. Dimoudi, A. Kantzioura, S. Zoras*, C. Pallas, P. Kosmopoulos, Investigation of urban microclimate parameters in an urban center, Energy and Buildings, 64, 1-9 (2013)
  42. Sfikas, P. Angelidis, P. Samaras, S. Zoras, V. Evagelopoulos, Utilization of a multi-parameter sensor network for online monitoring of the water quality in the lignite mining area of Kozani, Greece, Desalination and Water Treatment, 51:13-15, 2977-2986 (2013).
  43. Zoras*, S.Dimoudi, A.Kosmopoulos, P., Analysis of conductive temperature variation due to multi-room underground interaction, Energy and Buildings, 55 433-438, (2012).
  44. Kantzioura, P. Kosmopoulos, S. Zoras*. Urban surface temperature and microclimate measurements in Thessaloniki, 44 63–72, (2012), Energy and Buildings.
  45. S. Zoras*, C. Georgakis, P. Kosmopoulos, A. Dimoudi. Multi-year application of the three-dimensional numerical generation of response factors (NGRF) method in the prediction of conductive temperatures in soil and passive cooling earth-contact components, Solar Energy 85 2275–2282, (2011).
  46. S. Zoras, V. Evagelopoulos, J. Pytharoulis, G. Kallos, The development and validation of a novel based combination operational air quality forecasting system in Greece, 106(3-4), 127-133, (2010), Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics.
  47. Evagelopoulos, V.Albanis, T.A.Asvesta, A.Zoras, S. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in fine and coarse particles, Global Nest Journal,.12(1) 63-70, (2010).
  48. S. Zoras*, A review of building earth-contact heat transfer, Advances in Building Energy Research, 3, 289-314, (2009), INVITED PAPER.
  49. S. Zoras*, P. Kosmopoulos, Development of the three-dimensional numerical generation of response factors (NGRF) method of conductive temperatures in passive cooling earth-contact components, Solar Energy, 83, 862-872 (2009).
  50. Zoras, S.*, Kosmopoulos, P.Georgiadou, D.Evagelopoulos, V., Application of the three-dimensional numerical generation of response factors (NGRF) method of multi-year based conductive temperatures in soil and passive cooling earth contact components, IBPSA – International Building Performance Simulation Association 2009, 1588-1595, (2009).
  51. S. Zoras*, G. Triantafyllou, V. Evagelopoulos, Aspects of year-long DOAS and ground station measurements in an urban street canyon nearby industrial pollution sources, Atmospheric Environment, 42, 4293-4303 (2008).
  52. G. Triantafyllou, S. Zoras*, V. Evagelopoulos, S. Garas, C. Diamantopoulos, DOAS measurements above an urban street canyon in a medium sized city, Global NEST Journal, 10(2), 160-167 (2008).
  53. G. Triantafyllou, S. Zoras, V. Evagelopoulos, S. Garas, PM10, O3 and CO concentrations and elemental analysis of airborne particles in a school building, Water Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 8, 77-87 (2008).
  54. Iordanidis, S. Zoras*, A.G. Triantafyllou, J. Buckman, A. Asvesta, V.G. Evagelopoulos, Characterisation of airborne particles collected proximal to lignite mines and power plants of Ptolemais-Kozani area, Northern Greece, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 17(3), 378-398 (2008).
  55. G. Triantafyllou, S. Garas, S. Zoras*, V. Evagelopoulos and A. Asvesta, Particulate matter concentrations and elemental analysis in four cities of Northwestern Greece, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 16(5), 508-516 (2007)
  56. S. Zoras*, A.G. Triantafyllou and P.J. Hurley, Grid sensitivity analysis for the calibration of a prognostic meteorological model in complex terrain by a screening experiment, Environmental Modelling and Software, 22(1), 33-39 (2007).
  57. Zoras, S.*Triantafyllou, A.G.Evagelopoulos, V. A new web – Based air quality forecasting and environmental data acquisition system Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes, HARMO 2007, 2007, pp. 170–174
  58. C. Papadimitriou, V. Evagelopoulos, P. Samaras, A.G. Triantafyllou, S. Zoras and T.A. Albanis, Toxicity of atmospheric particulate matter using aquatic bioassays, WIT Transactions on Biomedicine and Health, 10, 31-39 (2006).
  59. 10. S. Zoras*,G. Triantafyllou and V. Evagelopoulos, Modelling of PM2.5 episodes in four cities of Northwestern Greece, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 15(4), 306-313 (2006).
  60. 9. Sfetsos, S. Zoras, J.G. Bartzis, A.G. Triantafyllou, Extreme value modelling of daily PM10 concentrations in an industrial area, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 15(8b), 841-845 (2006).
  61. 8. Evagelopoulos, S. Zoras, A.G. Triantafyllou and T.A. Albanis, PM10-PM2.5 Time series and fractal analysis, Global NEST Journal, 8(3), 234-240 (2006).
  62. Zoras*, A.G. Triantafyllou and D. Deligiorgi, Atmospheric stability and PM10 concentrations at far distance from elevated point sources in complex terrain: worst case episodes study, Journal of Environmental Management, 80(4), 295-302 (2006).
  63. G. Triantafyllou, V. Evagelopoulos, S. Zoras*, Design of a web-based information system for ambient environmental data, Journal of Environmental Management, 80(3), 230-236 (2006).
  64. A.G. Triantafyllou, S. Zoras*, V. Evagelopoulos, Particulate matter over the last 7 years in urban and rural areas within, proximal and far from mining and power station operations in Greece, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 122, 41-60 (2006).
  65. Zoras*, M. Davies and L.C. Wrobel, Earth-contact heat transfer: Improvement and application of a novel simulation technique, Energy and Buildings, 34, 333-344 (2002).
  66. S. Zoras*, M. Davies and M.H. Adjali, A novel tool for the prediction of earth-contact heat transfer: A multi-room simulation, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C – Journal of Mechanical Engineers, 215, 1-8 (2001).
  67. Davies, S. Zoras and M.H. Adjali, Improving the efficiency of the numerical modeling of built environment earth-contact heat transfer, Applied Energy, 68, 31-42 (2001).
  68. Davies, S. Zoras and M.H. Adjali, The development and testing of a novel earth- contact heat-transfer simulation method, Building Serv. Eng. Research Tech., 21(1), 21-29 (2000).


  1. A. Dimoudi, A. Kantzioura, P. Toumpoulidis, S. Zoras et al. The Energy Performance of Hospital Buildings in the South Balkan Region: The Prospects for Zero-Energy Hospitals. February 2022, DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-76221-6_83. In book: Sustainable Energy Development and Innovation.
  2. Zoras S., Dimoudi A., ‘Modelling and bioclimatic interventions in outdoor spaces’ In: ‘Energy Performance of Buildings – Energy Efficiency and Built Environment in Temperate Climates’. (2015). Boemi N.-S., Irulegi O., Santamouris M. (Eds), ISBN 978-3-319-20830-5
  3. Dimoudi A., Zoras S., ‘The role of buildings in the energy systems. In: ‘Energy Performance of Buildings – Energy Efficiency and Built Environment in Temperate Climates’. (2015). Boemi N.-S., Irulegi O., Santamouris M. (Eds), Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-20830-5
  4. Stamatis Zoras, Argiro Dimoudi, ‘Exploiting earth cooling to mitigate heat on cities’ scale’. In: ‘Urban Climate Mitigation Techniques’. (2016). Routledge – Taylor and Francis, Hb: 9780415712132, eISBN:9781315765839
  5. Solar Radiation: Protection, Management and Measurement Techniques Chapter contribution titled: Solar Radiation and CFD Photochemical Modeling in the Urban Canopy, Nova Science Publications, New York. ISBN: 978-1-61470-064-7 (2012)
  6. Εnergy, buildings and environment. Chapter contribution titled: Use of simulation tools in proof energy design. Editor: Kosmopoulos P. University Studio Press. 2008 ISBN13 9789601217130
  7. Air Quality in the 21st Century. Chapter contribution titled: Solar Radiation and CFD Photochemical modeling in the urban canopy. Editors: Gaia C. Romano and Alice G. Conti, Nova Science Publications, New York. ISBN: 978-1-61761-390-6 (2011)
  8. a) Progress in Air Pollution Research. b) Advances in Air Pollution Research. Chapter contribution titled: Modeling and forecasting around power plants in complex terrain: an integrated web based environmental data acquisition and forecasting system. Editor: Sergio P. Balduino, Nova Science Publications, New York. ISBN:1-60021-804-0
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